TTABlog Collection of Section 2(e)(2) "Primarily Geographically Descriptive" Cases
I've been writing a response to a Section 2(e)(2) refusal, and I thought it would be useful for me and others to compile a list of TTABlog postings on the issue. The great majority of the decisions are not precedential, but even non-precedential decisions may be helpful in framing effective arguments and locating precedential support for them.
For a mark to be deemed primarily geographically descriptive under Section 2(e)(2), it must be shown that (1) the mark's primary significance is a generally known geographic location; and (2) the relevant public would be likely to make a goods/place association, that is, would be likely to believe that the goods originate in the place named in the mark. When the goods do indeed come from the location named, then a goods/place association may be presumed.
Marks found to be primarily geographically descriptive under Section 2(e)(2):
- TTAB Affirms Section 2(e)(2) Geographical Descriptiveness Refusal of PITTSBURGH GLASS WORKS for Glass
- TTAB Affirms 2(e)(2) Refusal of "THE MUNICH & Design" for Business Services Without a Disclaimer of MUNICH
- TTAB Finds FIRE ISLAND Primarily Geographically Descriptive of Beer
- NORTH AMERICAN RANGE Primarily Geographically Descriptive of Beef, Says TTAB
- TTAB Affirms 2(e)(2) Refusal of EAST COAST for Vehicle Towing Services
- WYHA? TTAB Finds CALIFORNIA GREEN CLEAN Primarily Geographically Descriptive of Janitorial Services
- TTAB Finds "ROC USA" to be Primarily Geographically Descriptive but Registrable Under Section 2(f)
- TTAB Affirms 2(e)(2) Geographical Descriptiveness Refusal of "US PATIENT REGISTRY" for Medical Information Database
- TTAB Sustains Nike's Section 2(e)(2) Opposition to "B-MORE" for Clothing
- "CHÊNE DES DOMAINES DE FRANCE" Geographically Descriptive of Wood from France, Knot Registrable, Says TTAB
- Precedential No. 4: TTAB Affirms Triple Refusal of "NORMANDIE CAMEMBERT" for Cheese
- "AMERICAN MASALA" Geographically Descriptive of Food Products, Says TTAB
- Precedential No. 66: TTAB Finds "YOSEMITE BEER" Geographically Descriptive, Affirms 2(e)(2) Refusal
- TTAB Affirms 2(e)(2) Refusal of "CONFERENCE AMERICA" as Geographically Descriptive
- TTAB Squashes "NEW YORK CURRANTS," Finding It Primarily Geographically Descriptive
- Citable No. 33: TTAB Affirms 2(e)(2) Refusal of "BAIKALSKAYA" as Geographically Descriptive of Vodka
- TTAB Okays "SWISSAIRE" Drawing But Affirms 2(e)(2) Refusal
Marks found not to be primarily geographically descriptive under Section 2(e)(2):
- Test Your TTAB Judge-Ability: Is TINSELTOWN Geographically Descriptive of Clothing from Hollywood?
- Test Your TTAB Judge-Ability: Is "MDF IT & Design" Primarily Geographically Descriptive of Furniture?
- "METRO LIVING & Design" Not Descriptive of Real Estate Brokerage Services, Says TTAB
- Reversing a 2(e)(2) Geographical Descriptiveness Refusal, TTAB Asks, Where The Heck Is WINDHOEK?
- Test Your TTAB Judge-Ability: Is This "HOT SPRINGS NATIONAL PARK ARKANSAS" Logo Primarily Geographically Descriptive?
- TTAB Reverses Section 2(e)(2) Refusal of "CATALINA ISLAND GRANOLA": Goods/Place Association Lacking
- Finding "BELL HILL" for Wine and "BELL'S" for Beer Too Dissimilar, TTAB Dismisses 2(d) Opposition
- Finding Double Entendre, TTAB Reverses 2(e)(2) Refusal of "PROFUMO DE FIRENZE" for Perfume
- Precedential No. 14: TTAB Finds "THE MONTECITO DIET" Not Primarily Geographically Descriptive of Diet Publications
- "ROMANTIC ROAD" 2(e)(2) Cancellation Proceeding Hits Dead End: Summary Judgment to Registrant
- Citable No. 40: TTAB Finds "BALASHI" Not Primarily Geographically Descriptive of Beer